Medical specialty: Neurology
Neurology deals with organic disorders of the entire nervous system, including malfunctions of the central nervous system, peripheral nervous system and its transitions to the musculature and autonomic nervous system. In Germany, a neurologist must complete a training of 60 months in order to become a specialist in diseases of the nervous system.
Among the most common neurological diseases are Alzheimer's disease / dementia, epilepsy, facial nerve paresis, migraine, multiple sclerosis, Myasthenia gravis, Parkinson's disease, craniocerebral trauma, trigeminal neuralgia and tumors.
Concerning its treatment methods, the neurology has developed strongly in the German speaking countries (Germany, Austria and Switzerland) over the last decades. Today, imaging diagnostics, for example, allows a precise distinction between cerebral infarction and cerebral haemorrhage during treatment of stroke. In the past this was difficult to achieve.
Also in the treatment of Parkinson, different medications allow a better relief of symptoms, so that quite often a seizure-free period can be reached. Although multiple sclerosis can still not be cured, its course may be influenced positively since interferons have been introduced. Infectious-inflammatory diseases of the nervous system are almost completely curable with early diagnosis and treatment.
A complete clinical neurological examination, however, is still very time-consuming.