Medical specialty: Gynecology
Gynecology is one of 30 disciplines of human medicine. It deals with the female sexual and reproductive tract and the female breast. The most important examinations in gynecology include the preliminary examinations, image creating examinations of the chest (mammography), the uterus, the cervix and the fallopian tubes and ovaries.
The gynecology is one of the operational fields of medicine. The most frequent medical interventions include uterus removal (hysterectomy), sterilization (tubal ligation), ovarian cyst removal (laparoscopic ovarian cystectomy) and hormone therapy.
Specialties of gynecology are the prenatal medicine (examinations of the unborn child and pregnant women), urogynecology (treatment of urinary and fecal incontinence as well as changes in position of the genital organs), senology (diseases and surgery of the breast) and the minimally invasive surgical gynecology.
In Germany, in order to become a specialist in gynecology it is mandatory to complete a five-year training at a clinic following the medical school.